- July 2, 2018
- Posted by: segun johnson
- Category: Safety Tips
THE EBOLA VIRUS (KEY FACTS)
Causes Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in humans. EVD is highly infectious & outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%.
Transmitted to people from wild animals & spread through human-to-human transmission. Natural hosts are the fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family.
No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals, yet.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF EVD
Early symptoms include sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, headaches & sore throat. A rash, red eyes, hiccups, chest pains, difficulty breathing and swallowing may also develop.
Symptoms may progress to vomiting, diarrhea, impaired kidney and liver function and sometimes internal & external bleeding.
Ebola can only be definitively confirmed by 5 different lab tests.
Incubation period is 2 to 21 days.
Symptoms may be mistaken for malaria, typhoid fever, meningitis or even the plague.
REDUCING THE RISK OF EBOLA INFECTION IN PEOPLE
No effective treatment or vaccine yet, therefore raising awareness of risk factors for Ebola infection and the protective measures individuals can take is key to reducing spread.
Reduce risk of wildlife-to-human transmission from contact with infected fruit bats or monkeys/apes & consumption tadalafilonlineoffer.com/what-is-erectile-dysfunctionmain-reasons-how-to-overcome-and-treat-it/ of their raw meat. Handle animals with gloves, protective clothing.
Cook animal products (blood and meat) thoroughly before consumption.
Reduce close contact with infected patients and their bodily fluids. Wear gloves & personal protective equipment when taking care of ill patients at home.
Wash hands regularly after visiting or caring for patients in hospital or at home.
Implement containment measures, including burial of the dead. People who have died from Ebola should be promptly and safely buried.
Image Source: Ghanalive.tv